(CBD) Cannabidiol and drug tests

It is not uncommon these days to get calls on a weekly basis by individuals looking for information. The information that they are seeking is whether or not products containing CBD will affect the results of a drug test. Our response is always to the point that these products are still considered a schedule I narcotic and freely sold via the internet with no known THC level from one product to another. Below is an article by Quest Diagnostics that sheds light on this subject.

With the rise in popularity of cannabidiol (CBD), we need to address the elephant in the room and answer the question “Will I pass a drug test if I use CBD?” Before we can do that, it is important to know what CBD is.

CBD is one of approximately 400 compounds found in cannabis, the same plant that produces the psychoactive compound, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While CBD is a cannabinoid and shares some structural similarities with THC, it does not produce a “high.” Research surrounding CBD is still in its early phases, but preliminary studies indicate that CBD may benefit medical and therapeutic issues such as seizures, PTSD, neurological diseases, pain, cancer, inflammation, and mood disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Sara Jane Ward, an assistant professor of pharmacology at the Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine, tells U.S. News Health that the Drug Enforcement Administration considers CBD, like all cannabinoids, a Schedule I substance. She adds, “…Hemp – a variety of the cannabis plant regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture – is legal , so long as its THC content is negligibly low. But because the agriculture department doesn’t test for CBD – only THC, more companies are getting away with selling products they say contain CBD.”[i]

In some medical marijuana states, CBD products are allowed to have residual levels of THC up to 5%, dependent on the state. Because of these low to non-existent levels of THC, more companies have started carrying CBD products, even in states where marijuana is not permitted for either medicinal or recreational use. However, it is worth noting that CBD is not legal[ii], at the state level, in all 50 states.

Unlike THC-rich products that do create a high, CBD is perceived as less harmful and comes in several different forms:

  • Oil (most popular)
  • Beauty and health products
  • Vapors
  • Infused edibles such as lattes, chocolates, and gummies

Despite the reputation CBD has of being less harmful than THC products[iii], CBD may still cause adverse reactions in some people. Reported side effects from human and/or animal studies include:

  • Fatigue/drowsiness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Anxiety
  • Possible endocrine disruption
  • Altered immune function
  • Dizziness
  • Psychomotor slowing
  • Diarrhea

So… will I pass a drug test?

Maybe. CBD itself would not be reported positive for marijuana or marijuana metabolite. If the CBD product contains THC at a sufficiently high concentration, it is possible, depending on usage patterns, that the use of these products could cause a positive drug urine test for marijuana metabolites.

It is important to remember that for federally-mandated drug tests, the use of CBD or “medical marijuana” would not be considered an alternative medical explanation for the positive test for marijuana metabolite. Moreover, as a Schedule I substance, CBD remains illegal at the Federal level. While there are some states that permit the sale of CBD, many of these states only permit relatively low levels of THC in the CBD product.

Employers need to stay informed about the ever-changing landscape of marijuana and its derivatives because situations like this may arise. Additionally, employers need to ensure their company’s substance abuse policy language clearly reflects their position on marijuana and the use of CBD products.

By 
June 19, 2018

 

[i] Miller, Anna Medaris. 2018, March 1. What Is CBD Oil – and Should You Use It? https://health.usnews.com/wellness/articles/2018-03-01/what-is-cbd-oil-and-should-you-use-it

[ii] Zhang, Mona. 2018, April 5. No, CBD Is Not ‘Legal In All 50 States’ https://www.forbes.com/sites/monazhang/2018/04/05/no-cbd-is-not-legal-in-all-50-states/#4f5e81b3762c

[iii] Consumer Health Digest. What Are The Potential Side Effects Of Cannabidiol (CBD)? https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/cbd-hemp-center/side-effects-of-cannabidiol.html

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