HALLUCINOGENS – Drugs of Abuse

Hallucinogens

WHAT ARE HALLUCINOGENS?
Hallucinogens are found in plants and fungi or are synthetically produced and are among the oldest known group of drugs used for their ability to alter human perception and mood.

WHAT IS THEIR ORIGIN?
Hallucinogens can be synthetically produced in illicit laboratories or are found in plants.

What are common street names?
Common street names include:
Acid, Blotter, Blotter Acid, Cubes, Doses, Fry, Mind Candy, Mushrooms, Shrooms, Special K, STP, X, and XTC

What do they look like?
Hallucinogens come in a variety of forms. MDMA or
ecstasy tablets are sold in many colors with a variety
of logos to attract youth. LSD is sold in the form of
impregnated paper (blotter acid), typically imprinted with
colorful graphic designs.

How are they abused?
The most commonly abused hallucinogens among junior
and senior high school students are hallucinogenic
mushrooms, LSD, and MDMA (ecstasy). Hallucinogens
are typically taken orally or can be smoked.

What is their effect on the mind?
Sensory effects include perceptual distortions that
vary with dose, setting, and mood. Psychic effects
include distortions of thought associated with time and
space. Time may appear to stand still, and forms and colors seem to change and take on new significance.

Weeks or even months after some hallucinogens have been taken, the user may experience flashbacks — fragmentary recurrences of certain aspects of the drug experience in the absence of actually taking the drug.

The occurrence of a flashback is unpredictable, but is more likely to occur during times of stress and seems to occur more frequently in younger individuals. With time, these episodes diminish and become less intense.

What is their effect on the body?
Physiological effects include elevated heart rate, increased blood
pressure, and dilated pupils.

What are their overdose effects?
Deaths exclusively from acute overdose of LSD, magic mushrooms,
and mescaline are extremely rare. Deaths generally occur due to
suicide, accidents, and dangerous behavior, or due to the person
inadvertently eating poisonous plant material.

A severe overdose of PCP and ketamine can result in:
Respiratory depression, coma, convulsions, seizures, and death due to respiratory arrest

What is their legal status in the United States?
Many hallucinogens are Schedule I under the C ontrolled
Substances Act, meaning that they have a high potential for
abuse, no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the
United States, and a lack of accepted safety for use under
medical supervision.

SOURCE: A DEA Resource Guide 2017 Edition